2020 Themed Samba
Authors: Diego Nicolau, Pixulé, Braguinha Cromadinho, Jota e Tinga.
Singer: Tem-tem Jr; Tinga e Pixulé.
Letra do Samba 2020
COMO É LINDO O AMANHECER
REFLETE O SOL, A CRIAÇÃO
UM BOM DIA A RENASCER
PELOS OLHOS DO PAVÃO
SOU A FÉ NA VIDA
ESPERANÇA DA MASSA
AQUELE QUE NA DOR TE ABRAÇA
SOU EU, A VERDADE PRA QUEM PEDE LUZ
CARREGANDO A SUA CRUZ
O ALIMENTO EM COMUNHÃO
PRINCÍPIO DA SALVAÇÃO
OUÇO CHAMAR MEU NOME
OUÇO UM CLAMOR DE PRECE
CHORO AO TE VER COM FOME
SOU O CORDEIRO QUE A ALMA FORTALECE
SÓ EXISTE UM CAMINHO ( POR FAVOR)
CADA UM FAZ SEU DESTINO ( MEU SENHOR)
AS MIGALHAS DO PODER QUE O DIABO AMASSOU
ESTÃO DENTRO DE VOCÊ
AS MÃOS UNIDAS VEM PEDINDO O PERDÃO
GENTE SOFRIDA COM A PAZ NO CORAÇÃO
After a long sea crossing, hundreds of thousands of Africans landed at the ports of Rio de Janeiro, Paraty, Mangaratiba and Cabo Frio. Their destination, the Vale do Café Sul Fluminense. On foot, facing all climatic weather, they march under the sun and rain, bare feet and hungry, towards the great Valley of fertile lands, green woods, but also of pain and slavery; home of their cries, their labor and homesickness. Thus the black one arrives in the Paraíba Valley, later known as the Coffee Valley. This one, which is planted and harvested by slave hands.
"Nego is tired of work ... Trabaia ... Trabaia Nêgo ..."
Thanks to their arrival and the black gold they cultivate, a golden and aristocratic slaver society is born with all pomp, luxury and high culture, as should be a prosperous rural nobiliarchic society.
The Valley is taken by art in the form of concerts, operas, poetry, festivals, goldsmiths, waltzes, polkas, soirees ... Cut; from the red / black blood dripping from the coffee grounds. But just as this white enslaved society introduced European culture into its customs, the black African miscegenated his cultural heritage with that of the new land ...
“Foi na beira do rio, Aonde Oxum chorou… Chora iê iê ô, Chora os filhos seus…” (Oxum's chant)
This is how sprouts the plurality we find today in our Valley with syncopated rhythms in its lundús, maxixes, jongos, multicolored costumes. Exu, Obaluaiyê, Ogum, Oxumarê, Iroko, Iansã, Xango, Obá, Oxóssi, Logun Edé, Ossain, Oxalá, Oxum, Yemanjá, Nanã, Ybeji, colorful and powerful deities of nature and the belief in herbs, prayers and "benzedeiras", strength of the race that did not allow itself to be intimidated by the shameless tormentor of their masters.
“Na hora em que a terra dorme,
enroladas em frios véus,
eu ouço uma reza enorme
enchendo o abismo dos céus…”
The Valley has transformed ... The coffee plantation turned into a city, history and tourism and the pain of yesteryear, dust in the wind. The culture expands on the influence of immigrants who came after the golden dream in the South Fluminense lands, treading on black soil and magically generating genuine Brazilian children, resulting from the mix of races.
The new owner of the Vale is born ...
His art is multiple! In it stands the jongo, calango, maculelê, caninha verde, capoeira, musical societies, Folias de Reis, viola sertaneja, choro, serestas, orchestras, ballet, lyric singing, plastic arts and the samba where its origin occurs in the Quilombos of Serras Fluminense and sung by his eldest daughter, Clementina de Jesus.
“Não cadeia Clementina… Fui feita pra vadiá…” (Clementina de Jesus)
Handcrafts and cuisine combined with all these artistic and folkloric events attract tourists from all over the world, generating income and progress.
In religiosity we find the "quermesses" and "novenas" dedicated to the Patrons of each Mother Altar with its beautiful gardens at the foot. NS da da Conceição, NS da Guia, NS da Glória, São Sebastião, NS da Piedade, Santa Teresa D'Ávila, Santana, NS of Soledade, São Pedro and São Paulo, Santo Antônio and Santa Cruz, form the "Ciranda de fé" that each city ??sports as their guards. In the surroundings of these gold altars with their baroque angels, the terraces of Umbanda and Candomblé with their bare feet and the mystical occultism, heal, pray and bless to the sound of "atabaques" and magic points; black heritage with its cultural syncretism.
“A Treze de Maio, Na Cova da Iria, No Céu Aparece, A Virgem Maria…” (Catholic Anthem)
Today the Valley is livestock, agribusiness. Pedestrian and rodeo party. Much of what we consume in the great cities were seeds and embryos rooted in pastures that once were ancient coffee plantations.
The mining, textile, automotive, large-scale trade make Vale a prosperous, high-income machine that employs its children and creates opportunities for socio-urban growth.
Education is present in Municipal and State networks with quality public education, as well as a plethora of private schools with educational proposals of great relevance. University and Colleges are a chapter apart due to the plethora of courses offered. In Vale we find the great Hospital Escola Severino Sombra that serves the entire population not only of the region but also of several municipalities of the Great River.
The Valley has its own TV network that reflects to the world the beauty of the Coffee Valley, generating news and programs that show its people with all their cultural diversity. TV Rio Sul as a major agent of the culture of the Vale do Paraíba Sul Fluminense and South of the State of Rio de Janeiro.
After all these years since the arrival of the negro in our region, the Império da Tijuca brings to Avenida Marquês de Sapucaí this beautiful rosary of pearls in which each municipality of the Valley of the Coffee, colors its account with what its people have of the purest and beautiful, LOVE!
In 1936, the school was the great champion of the carioca carnival, with the plot "Sonhos Delirantes". In that parade, held at Praça Onze, Tijuca brought an innovation, presenting allegories alluding to the plot.
From 1960 to 1980, he faced a very difficult period, parading in the second group and unable to rise. In this period, only once came close to returning to the main group. In 1980, she was the champion of Group 1B, returning to the main group of the carioca carnival.
The Portuguese entrepreneur Fernando Horta assumed the presidency in 1992 for the first time. Under his management, a new test court was inaugurated in Santo Cristo, a port area. According to Fernando Horta, this was a measure to attract resources to the school, which could help the community more. Some members of the community, however, complain about the lack of presence of the entity in its own court, used only, according to them, by the mirim samba school.
In 1998, he honored the Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama, as well as the Clube de Regatas Vasco da Gama, which completed its centenary. That year it was demoted. More than a decade later, the president would classify it as "the best parade" and would attribute the demotion to the fact that the jurors were flamenguistas and anti-Eurico Miranda. In 1999, in the Access Group, Tijuca made a memorable parade, with the plot The Landowner of the carnival Oswaldo, receiving all the grades "10", with a beautiful carnival and a samba considered by many specialists as "anthological" and reapplied to the Panel.
In 2000, in the carnival commemorating the 500 years of Discovery of Brazil, he presented the "Terra dos Papagaios... Navegar foi preciso!". On this occasion, after controversy due to the use of the image of Nossa Senhora da Boa Esperança and a cross, the carnivalesque Chico Spinoza came to be arrested and the panel seized. The delegate responsible for the operation went so far as to say that the school would already have achieved its minutes of fame, since it would possibly get a bad placement. However, fifth place was the best result in nearly 50 years. The following year, it sang the life and work of Nélson Rodrigues, but did not obtain the success of the previous year.
In 2002, it told the history of the Portuguese Language, honoring the countries of the CPLP. The school had problems with the last allegory, which made it finish the parade above the time regulating and, with this, to be punished with 0.2 in the calculation, finishing in ninth place. The year 2003, the Agudás, African people formed by former Brazilian slaves who went to Africa, approached as the theme of their parade. A parade also problematic in several questions, obtained again the new placement.
With the arrival of Paulo Barros in 2004, Tijuca surprised and won the runner-up, through a story that spoke of the advances of science, having revolutionized the aesthetics of parades by presenting human allegories. The Nature Magazine highlighted the allegory, whose attraction was the presence of 133 dancers, who through their movements, formed a spiral, representing the DNA. In the opinion of the then Mayor César Maia, the allegorical car was the most striking of the year.
In 2005, she was again runner-up, with a plot that spoke of cities and realms of the human imagination this time being only a tenth from the champion Beija-Flor, having been the favorite of the public and winner of the Gold Standard of the best school.
In 2006, the school of the Morro do Borel entered like favorite in the Sambódromo, where realized a vibrant parade. The plot approached the sound, and according to the carnivalesque, its challenge would be to transform it into an image. The parade went perfectly, and the school won, once again, the Golden Standard of better school, but it bittered the sixth place. After the carnival, Paulo Barros transferred to Viradouro, being replaced by the pair Lane Santana and Luiz Carlos Bruno
In 2007, Tijuca maintained the style of Paulo Barros parading with the plot "De lambida em lambida", Tijuca gives a click in the avenue, that talked about the photograph, conquering the fourth position, still in front of the Viradouro. In the carnival of 2008, the blue and gold of Tijuca spoke about the different types of collections. Allegory, in the parade of 2009.
The following year, out of the line on abstract themes, he presented the plot "Uma odisseia sobre o espaço", authored by Luiz Carlos Bruno, text by João Pedro Roriz and samba-plot by Julio Alves and Totonho, getting the 9th place. The president, that year, complained, after the result, that Beija-Flor, when parading before the Tijuca with a plot that approached the bath, spread water along the track, which would have hindered the presentation of the segments, especially the couple Flag Bearer and her Escort
With the plot "É segredo!" and the return of the carnival Paulo Barros in the 2010 carnival, the school breaks the fast of 74 years without the title of the Special Group and becomes the champion of the carnival in Rio for the second time, taking also the Golden Standard of the best school.